Czech describes a Steady State Economy as one that is stabilized and sustainable at an optimum size. He discusses recent national economic troubles as resulting from unsustainable growth. Marshall argues that stabilizing population growth is key to economic and environmental sustainability.
Czech believes that the decline in family farming, urban sprawl, and environmental decline are related to unsustainable growth and will threaten national security, including food and economic security.
Marshall describes the importance of sustainability as meaning that “we should be making choices today that don’t limit the choices of our children and children’s children.”